BHA user Guide
BHA — Bibliographie de l'Histoire d'Art / Bibliography of the History of Art — is the premier international scholarly reference in art history. Including writings from 1973 to present, this database covers visual arts in all media including traditional fine arts (painting, sculpture, drawing, prints, architecture); decorative and applied arts; material culture; photography and contemporary new media; visual arts aspects of performing arts.
BHA includes European art from late Antiquity to the present; American art from the European arrival to the present and Christian and European art in Africa, Asia, and Australia. BHA includes references to both print and electronic journal articles, monographs, collections of essays, conference proceedings, and exhibition catalogues. BHA is bilingual, in English and French.
Records in BHA database are complete bibliographic citations with abstracts and full subject and keyword indexing. Records are divided into a number of fields, some of the key fields are shown below with their associated field labels.
BK Book Title
CA Corporate Author
CP Country of Publication
DT Document Type
JN Journal Name
PB Publisher Information
PY Publication Year
SC Subject Headings
AB - Abstract
The AB field, when available, contains a summary of the contents of the original document. The length of the description varies greatly, and it can be either in English or in French. You can search for any word or phrase in this field.
AU - Author
The AU field identifies the person(s) responsible for the intellectual content of the original document. When applicable, a description of the author's relation to the work, such as "ed.," "contrib.," etc. follows the author's name. Author names are listed last name first, followed by first name or initials. Search using the truncation symbol (*) if you do not know the exact format or spelling of an author name.
smith* in au retrieves all variations of the name, such as "Smith, -Molly;" "Juvenal-Smith, -Hazel;" and "Smith, -Todd-D" Also use this technique when searching for hyphenated last names.
To search for records of documents authored by Jean-Paul Saint-Aubin, search for either saint-aubin* in au or saint aubin in au.
Browsing Author Names
As an alternative to searching with the field label, you can browse names and search for them directly from the Browsable Author Index Field-Specific Index. This field-specific index contains names of individual and corporate authors drawn from the AU, Corporate Author (CA), and Editors (ED) fields. Names are listed in alphabetical order and display exactly as they are indexed in the database. This is especially helpful if you do not know the exact format of an author's name. This is the most efficient way to search for author names as you can browse for a name and search for it directly from this index. Search results display in the respective fields
BK - Book Title
The BK field contains source information for documents other than journal articles such as monographs, collections, exhibition catalogs. Information includes the original name of the book, the publisher, place of publication, and the year of publication. You can search for any word or phrase in this field.
DT - Document Type (a limit field)
The DT field indicates the general format(s) of the original document. Document types are listed in English and in French. For records that describe a review, this field also indicates what item was reviewed, such as a monograph, exhibition, exhibition catalogue, and others. You must use hyphens when searching for multiword document types. Browse for document types as described below if you are uncertain of the document types available.
As an alternative to searching with the field label, you can browse document types and search for them directly from the Document Type Field-Specific Index. This field- specific index contains only document formats drawn from the DT field therefore, your search will always yield results. Search results display in the DT field.
PY - Publication Year (a limit field)
The PY field lists the year in which the original document was published. You can search for a single year or a range of years in this field. In addition to in and =, you can use the following operators with the PY field:
< less than, such as py<1995
> greater than, such as py>1998
<= less than or equal to, such as py<=1999
>= greater than or equal to, such as py>=1999
- within a range, such as py=1998-1999
As an alternative to searching with the field label, you can browse publication years and search for them directly from the Publication Year Field-Specific Index. This field-specific index contains only years drawn from the PY field, therefore, your search will always yield results. Search results display in the PY field.
Beginning a search statement with an operator (or, and, with, near, not or in) automatically combines that statement with the previous one. For instance, if the search you just completed is Canadian, searching for and painting will yield the same results as the search for Canadian and painting. For efficient searching, use the most appropriate operator for your search:
- ethnicity OR culture - Retrieves records that contain either "ethnicity," "culture," or both.
- ethnicity AND culture - Retrieves records that contain both "ethnicity" and "culture."
- ethnicity WITH culture - Retrieves records that contain both "ethnicity" and "culture" in the same field.
- ethnicity NEAR culture - Retrieves records that contain both "ethnicity" and "culture" in the same sentence.
- ethnicity NOT gender - Retrieves records that contain "ethnicity" but not "gender."
- ethnicity IN ti - Retrieves records that contain "ethnicity" in the TI (Title) field.
Finding Word Variants
Use the truncation symbol (*) or the wildcard symbol (?) to find variations of your search term.
Using Truncation (*)
Use the truncation symbol (*) as a substitute for any string of zero or more characters in your search term. For example, the search artist* retrieves any record containing "artist," "artistic," "artistiques," etc. You can use the truncation symbol anywhere in your search term, except as the first character.
Using Wildcards (?)
Use the wildcard symbol (?) as a substitute for one character or none. For example, the search m?cdonald retrieves records containing "McDonald" or "MacDonald." You can use the wildcard symbol anywhere in your search term, except as the first character.
Certain words of little intrinsic meaning occur too frequently to be useful in searching text. Information systems call these "stopwords." You cannot search for the following words alone in the database, but you can include them within a phrase: an, and, are, for, from, in, of, or, that, the, was, were, which, with.
Using Limit Fields
The limit fields listed below are specially indexed fields that allow you to limit your searches to records of a particular characteristic, such as type of publication or language of text.
Country of Publication (CP) Document Type (DT)
Historical Century (HC) Historical Period (HP)
Language (LA) Language of Summary (LS)
Publication Year (PY) Update Code (UD)
Record Features (XREC)
You can search these fields with in or =. For example, to retrieve documents published originally in French, type: french in la or la=french
In addition to in and =, you may use the following operators with the PY and UD fields:
< less than, such as py<1990
> greater than, such as py>1992
<= less than or equal to, such as py<=1995
>= greater than or equal to, such as py>=1992
- within a range, such as ud=200109-200112
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